Comments on problems existing in the development of food packaging machinery industry
点击率： Release time: 2017-04-05 10:53:53 Click rate:
China's food packaging machinery industry has achieved remarkable results in recent years, but it still has a 20-year technology gap compared with foreign products. Some of the existing packaging machinery products in China are not high in technical content, and many advanced foreign technologies have been applied to packaging machinery abroad, such as long-distance remote control technology (including monitoring), stepper motor technology, automatic flexibility compensation technology, laser cutting technology , Information processing technology, etc. Most of the domestic production is single-machine production, while most of the foreign production is supporting production, rarely single-machine sales. Poor product reliability, slow technology update, and low application of new technologies, processes and materials. China's food and packaging machinery has many single machines and few complete sets, many general-purpose models, and special equipment that satisfies special requirements and few materials. There are many products with low technical content, and few products with high added value and high productivity. Intelligent devices are still in the development stage. The quality gaps of food and packaging machinery products in China are mainly manifested in poor stability and reliability, backward modeling, rough appearance, short life of basic and supporting parts, short trouble-free operation time, short overhaul cycles, and most products have not yet been formulated Reliability standards. At present, only 5% of China's food and packaging machinery has reached the level of the 1990s abroad, 20% has reached the level of the 1980s, and 60% has reached the level of the 1970s abroad. Compared with industrial developed countries, China has 30% -40% fewer varieties of food packaging machinery products, and its technology level is 20-30 years behind.
Low-level duplication in the food packaging machinery industry refers to the phenomenon of repetitive production of mechanical products that are low-cost, relatively backward in technology, and easy to manufacture, regardless of the development requirements of the industry. At present, the Chinese food and packaging machinery market is flooded with low-cost, relatively backward technology and easy-to-manufacture mechanical products. If such a market environment cannot be improved for a long time, it will not be conducive to the upgrading of the entire industry. Specific and accurate data has not yet been calculated. At present, about a quarter of the enterprises in the industry have low-level repetitive production, and about 1,000 enterprises have low-level repetitive production.
There are more than 100 automatic sealing machines with relatively basic technology in Wenzhou alone. There are still companies producing simple coding machines. The production of hot coding machines has been cancelled by the country. Electric pancake machines are very primitive. However, there are still many manufacturers; despite the title problems of oil filtration and oil change for fritters, there are still manufacturers in the rural and small towns due to the market; there are also some primary filling and capping machinery. The product is still in production; the production of the more basic dough press is also continuing. The reasons for the low-level repetitive production are mainly the following: low-level products have low scientific and technological content, simple manufacturing processes, and low investment costs; the company's scientific research and innovation capabilities are seriously insufficient, and the rate of replacement is too slow; companies develop their own The new products were not protected by patent applications in time. If this low-level repetitive phenomenon is not controlled, it will cause the continuous production of low-level and low-grade products, which will cause a great waste of resources. At the same time, a large number of such products flood the market, oversupply, and cause confusion in the machinery market. Legal intellectual property rights cannot be effectively protected, hindering the continuous upgrading and innovation of industry products, and ultimately hindering the socio-economic development.
China's food packaging machinery is still mainly imitation, surveying and mapping, a little localized improvement, not to mention development and research. At present, domestic investment in scientific research and development is relatively small. According to regulations, technical investment can account for 3% of sales revenue, but most companies cannot. Our development methods lag behind, and now better companies have launched the "skeleton project", but very few actually use CAD. Lack of innovation in product development makes it difficult to reach the next level. The production methods are backward, and most of them are still processed with outdated general equipment. New product development is not only small, but also has a long development cycle. In corporate management, production and processing, research and development, and innovation are not enough to provide products in a timely manner in keeping with market demand. The technical personnel in most enterprises account for less than 10% of the total staff. Only a few companies can reach an annual output value of more than 50 million yuan.
China's food packaging machinery industry lacks awareness of intellectual property rights, and has not applied for patent rights to protect new products developed in time.
It is often that a company has just developed a product and put it on the market soon. Other companies have copied it very quickly. In the short period of time, thousands of companies have put the same equipment product on the market at the same time. Developers of equipment products; or even if the developers want to hold other imitation manufacturers responsible, they have no choice but to apply for the protection of intellectual property rights. The upgrading speed of food packaging machinery products in China is too slow to keep up with the speed of low-level repeat production. Many companies are busy expanding the market for existing products. They are busy imitating and copying other people's equipment products, without considering how to upgrade mechanical products and realize technological innovation.